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Church Guide
Encyclopaedia

At this point we would like to explain frequently used terms in more detail and to provide you with useful background information on the relevant topics of architecture, history and liturgy used in the Church Guide. Perhaps you have a question that you have been reflecting over for quite a while and have not found an answer to yet ...

Ambo

The ambo in the Catholic church stands for a large pulpit and normally looks like a reading desk. From there the biblical texts and the gospel are preached.

Liturgy

Charta Oecumenica

Die „Charta Oecumenica“ ist ein Dokument, das im Jahr 2001 der Präsident der Konferenz Europäischer Kirchen und der Präsident des Rates der Europäischen Bischofskonferenzen am ersten Sonntag nach Ostern gemeinsam unterzeichnet und zur Annahme und Umsetzung in den einzelnen Kirchen empfohlen haben.

Liturgy

Allerseelen

Allerseelen ist ein Gedenktag für alle Verstorbenen, der seit dem Mittelalter am 2. November begangen wird.

Liturgy

Aschermittwoch

Der Aschermittwoch ist der Mittwoch vor dem ersten Sonntag der Fastenzeit.

Liturgy

Buß- Und Bettag

Der Buß- und Bettag ist ein Feiertag der evangelischen Kirche. Seit dem Mittelalter wurden Tage zum Buße tun und beten sowohl von der weltlichen Obrigkeit angeordnet wie auch von der Kirche.

Liturgy

Ordinarium

Das Ordinarium ist ein Sammelbegriff für die unveränderlich bleibenden Gesangsteile der Heiligen Messe: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Die.

Liturgy

Apologeten

Verteidiger des Christentums gegen gesellschaftliche Diskriminierung.

History

Archivolte

Bogenlauf über einem romanischen oder gotischen Portal, der das Tympanon (Schmuckfläche in Giebeldreiecken oder im Bogenfeld von Portalen) einrahmt.

Architecture

Stützenwechsel

Element der Rhythmisierung in romanischen Kirchen

Architecture

Dynamismus

Göttliche Kraft, wie sie beispielsweise in der Taufe verliehen wird.

History

Deismus

Natürlicher Gottesglaube.

History

Monstranz

Die Monstranz (lat.: monstrare = zeigen) ist ein kostbares, mit Gold und Edelsteinen gestaltetes liturgisches Schaugerät (Ostensorium), meist in Form einer Sonne mit einem Fensterbereich, in dem eine konsekrierte Hostie („das Allerheiligste“) feierlich gezeigt wird.

Liturgy

Longhouse

In the traditional church building, the longhouse can be identified by the floor plan.

Architecture

Chancel Of The Church

In church architecture, the choir (room), chancel or presbytery refers to the space surrounding the main altar, which used to be reserved for the clergy.

Architecture

Pilaster

A pilaster (Latin: pila = pillar) is a pillar-like element of architecture that is incorporated into the masonry.

Architecture

Predella

A predella (Italian: step) is a flat pedestal on the altar table which supports the altarpiece. It is usually painted or decorated with sculptural representations or carvings.

Architecture

Francis Of Assisi

Francis of Assisi (* 1181 in Assisi, † 3 October 1226 in the Portiuncula Chapel) was the founder of the Franciscan Order (Order of Friars Minor) and is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

History

The 15 Mysteries Of The Rosary

There are three different common rosaries: The Joyful, the Sorrowful and the Glorious Rosary. Each of these three consists of 5 phrases which together form the 15 Marian Mysteries of the Rosary.

Liturgy

Canon

Canons are clerics who celebrate Holy Mass and the Liturgy of the Hours together. They are members of a chapter, cathedral, basilica or order.

Liturgy

St. George

St. George the dragon slayer was martyred at the beginning of the persecution of Christians under Diocletian (284-305) and is one of the 14 helpers in need and the patron saint of knights.

History

Pilgrimage Church

A pilgrimage church is the destination, or lies on the way, of a pilgrimage. They are often located at the graves of saints or possess their relics.

Liturgy

Oratory

An oratory is a room used to enable a group of believers to pray together.

Architecture

Secularisation

Secularisation is generally referred to as the turning away from religion and religious values as a social development.

History

Gothic (1200-1500)

Improved construction methods mean that massive stone buildings can be dispensed with. The result is light, elegant buildings with large windows and lots of light.

History

Rococo (1725-1780)

The Rococo period was characterised by playful and ornate ornamentation of elegant lightness, grace and asymmetry.

History

Art Nouveau (Um 1900)

The style captivates with curved lines and floral patterns and focuses on everything that is new.

History

Epistles

Epistles (Latin: epistula; Greek: epistole = letter, missive) are readings of the apostles' letters of the New Testament during Sunday services or on feast days.

Liturgy

Amen

Amen (Hebrew: āmén = so be it, truly) is an exclamation of confirmation to a prayer or blessing.

Liturgy

Saint Andrew

Andrew was the first of the 12 apostles of Jesus.

History

Black Madonna Of Altötting

The Black Madonna of Altötting is the origin of the most important Marian pilgrimage in the German-speaking world. About one million pilgrims come to the small town every year to pray in the Chapel of Grace.

History

Sacristy

The sacristy is a room used by the priest (deacon, pastoral assistant etc.) and the altar boys/altar girls as a room to prepare the liturgical service at church.

Liturgy

Agape

Agape ist ein griechisches Wort für Liebe. Im kirchlichen Sinn handelte es sich um ein gemeinschaftliches, religiöses Mahl, bei dem auch die Eucharistie gefeiert werden konnte.

Liturgy

Anamnese

Liturgie ist nach der Lehre der Kirche nicht einfach nur Erinnerung und Gedenken an vergangene Geschehnisse.

Liturgy

Aussegnung

Das Wort ‚Aussegnung‘ ist eine alte Bezeichnung für das Wort ‚Verabschiedung‘.

Liturgy

Christi Himmelfahrt

Immer 40 Tage nach dem Ostersonntag und damit stets an einem Donnerstag gedenken Gläubige der Rückkehr Jesus Christus zu seinem Vater im Himmel.

Liturgy

Altkatolizismus

Aus der Ablehnung des I. Vatikanischen Konzils entstehen insbesondere in Deutschland und in der Schweiz eigene bischöfliche Kirchen.

History

Apostolische Sukzession

Weitergabe der bischöflichen Amtsgewalt von Bischof zu Bischof in einer auf die zwölf Apostel zurückgeführten ununterbrochenen Reihenfolge.

History

Hirsauer Bauschule

Sonderentwicklung innerhalb der deutschen Romanik.

Architecture

Westturm

Seit der Hochromanik gebräuchliche Betonung der Schaufassade durch einen oder zwei Türme.

Architecture

Ekklesia

Versammlung, Gemeinde, Kirche.

History

Dekretalen

Päpstliche Erlasse in Briefform.

History

Cross-Ribbed Vaults

Cross-ribbed vaults are an architectural novelty around 1100 and usher in the age of Gothic.

Architecture

Konradinische Matrikel

The Konradinische Matrikel is a medieval land register of the bishopric of Freising. It lists all the prince-bishop's possessions with their revenues. It also contains a diocesan description in which all churches, chapels, monasteries and cemeteries are listed.

History

Barrel Vault

The barrel vault is a ceiling vault in the form of a half lying cylinder (a barrel). The first ecclesiastical barrel vault has been handed down from the beginning of the 9th century and can thus be found mainly in Romanesque and Baroque buildings.

Architecture

Peter

Peter (* around the year 1, † around 64 in Rome) was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. His original name was Simon, son of Jonah. He and his brother Andrew were fishermen from Galilee until Jesus called them to follow him.

History

The 14 Helpers In Need

The Fourteen Helpers in Need are fourteen saints from the second to fourth centuries who, as their name suggests, are invoked by people in a wide variety of emergency situations either individually or all together.

History

Beneficiate

In the Roman Catholic Church, a beneficiate (also Latin: beneficium) is the former title for a cleric who is paid by means of a benefice, i.e. who receives the material income associated with his office.

History

Archangel Michael

In Christianity as well as in Judaism, Michael is worshipped as one of the four archangels together with Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel. Michael (Hebrew: Mikha-el' = Who is like God) is the most powerful and best known of the archangels. Thus Michael has a very special significance: he brings evil to its knees and helps good and justice to victory.

History

Eschatology

Eschatology deals with the beliefs and hopes concerning both the life after the death of the individual and its associated consummation, and the end of the world.

Liturgy

Parish Church

A parish church or parochial church is the main church of a Christian parish.

Liturgy

Fresco

Fresco or fresh painting (Ital.: fresco = into the fresh) is a technique in which the paint is worked onto the fresh, still moist lime plaster.

Architecture

Net Vault

Net vault A net vault is created when additional decorative ribs are inserted between the ribs that serve to stabilise the vault.

Architecture

Hall Church

A hall church is a church building whose interior is not divided by columns.

Architecture

Renaissance (1500-1650)

The Renaissance took up the ideals of Greek and Roman antiquity. Humanist scholars used ancient literature as a source for rediscovering and linking to old models, art and culture.

History

Classicism (1770-1850)

Classicism is characterised by strict forms and a straightforward and simple style of construction that is inspired by Greek temples.

History

Modernism (Seit 1900)

Typical of modernism is the practicality and functionality with which buildings were approached. This was facilitated by new materials such as reinforced concrete, glass and steel.

History

Atheist

An atheist is convinced that there is no God, no superhuman beings, and thus cannot be a believer.

History

Testament

The Bible is a compilation of various writings divided into two large "chapters": The New Testament and the Old Testament.

Liturgy

Angel

Angels are winged, human-like beings created by God and act as his messengers among humans.

Liturgy

Canticum

Wer jedes Jahr die Osternacht mitfeiert, hat ihn wahrscheinlich im Ohr: den Gesang nach der dritten Lesung vom Durchzug der Israeliten durch das Rote Meer.

Liturgy

Allerheiligen

Der Ursprung dieses Festtags liegt im christlichen Orient, wo schon im 4. Jh. der Märtyrer gedacht wurde. Da es im Laufe der Zeit zu viele Märtyrer wurden, konnte man ihnen nicht mehr einzeln gedenken.

Liturgy

Antiphon

Als Antiphon wird heute der Kehrvers eines Psalms verstanden.

Liturgy

Blasiussegen

Der Heilige Blasius war Bischof seiner Heimatstadt Sebaste in Armenien und starb zur Zeit der Christenverfolgung um das Jahr 316 den Märtyrertod. Nach der Legende heilte er während seiner Gefangenschaft Kranke, u. a. einen Knaben, der an einer Fischgräte zu ersticken drohte.

Liturgy

Confiteor

Confiteor ist Lateinisch und bedeutet „ich bekenne“.

Liturgy

Absolution

Vergebung von Sünden

History

Goldene Regel

Allgemeinste sittliche Regel. „Alles nun, was ihr wollt, daß euch die Menschen tun, das sollt auch ihr ihnen tun;

History

Kapitell

Übergang von der Säule als tragendes Element zu der darauf auflastenden Wand.

Architecture

Lisene

Aus der Mauer hervortretender schmaler senkrechter Streifen als architektonisches Gliederungselement.

Architecture

Brevier

Sammlung der Stundengebete für Geistliche.

History

Dogma

Verpflichtender Glaubenssatz, der auf einem Schriftsatz oder einer Überlieferung basiert und vom Papst verkündet oder vom Konzil formuliert wurde.

History

St. John The Baptist

John the Baptist (* around 5 BC, † between 30 and 36 AD) is the last prophet of the Old Testament and the first martyr of the New.

History

Buttress

Buttresses were one of the most important architectural elements of the Gothic period. The large windows, thinner walls and archways of this era were only possible by relieving the walls and supporting the roof and ceiling from pillars that were moved outwards.

Architecture

Stitch-Cap Vault

A barrel vault that intersects a main vault perpendicularly forms a stab cap in the intersection area.

Architecture

Paul

The Apostle Paul (*between 5 and 10 AD in Tarsos (Turkey), †after 60, presumably in Rome) was a missionary of early Christianity and one of the first Christian theologians. He is known to most through his letters, which have been preserved in the New Testament.

History

Sacrificial Candle

Sacrificial candles are a visible sign of prayer and are usually placed in the church by people with a special intention outside the liturgy.

Liturgy

Epitaph

An epitaph is a memorial to a deceased person on a church wall or pillar. They are usually artistically elaborate and, unlike a tomb, are not necessarily located at the place of burial.

Architecture

Assumption Of Mary

The Solemnity of the Assumption of Mary is celebrated on 15th of August to mark Mary's Assumption into Heaven.

Liturgy

Sacrament House

The sacrament house or sacrament box is a usually richly decorated, stone enclosure that can be closed with bars and in which the consecrated hosts were kept in medieval churches.

Architecture

Filial Church

A filial church is a side church of the parish church. The term is not defined in more detail and therefore does not make any statement about the size or furnishings of the church.

Liturgy

Trough Vault

If you replace the caps (ends) of a barrel vault with two cheeks sloping inwards, you get a trough vault.

Architecture

Secularisation

Secularisation refers to the expropriation of church property (land and assets) by the state.

History

Romanesque (1000-1250)

The Romanesque style can be recognised by its massive, simple constructions.

History

Baroque (1650-1750)

Baroque art is expressive, emotive and captivates with lavish grandeur and pageantry.

History

Historicism (1850-1900)

Historicism can be described as the "best of" past epochs. Artists and architects used a wide variety of elements from previous eras, with the greatest influence coming from the Romanesque period.

History

Putto

A putto is a child figure that is used for allegorical representations as well as purely decorative purposes.

Architecture

Agnostic

An agnostic recognises that the existence of one or more gods is possible, but cannot prove it. However, not knowing does not exclude belief.

History

St. Catherine

Catherine was the beautiful daughter of the pagan king Costus. Through her words alone, she was able to convince numerous people of Christianity. She has since been the patron saint of various educational institutions and teachers because of her intelligence and eloquence.

History

Epiphany

Epiphany celebrates the incarnation of Jesus on January the 6th.

Liturgy

New churches are waiting to be discovered

In our Church Guide

Travel to new places and discover further churches – let's explore these together. We are constantly on the lookout for new churches to present and for you to discover with us! Our aim is to instil your desire for more by presenting the latest new additions. For more information, see the brief overview in the following

Pfarrkirche „St. Hildegard" Pasing

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Martin" Amperpettenbach

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Peter und Paul" Westerndorf

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Stephan" Lauterbach

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Sylvester" Appercha

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Jakobus d. Ä. und St. Stephanus” in Ottershausen

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Johannes Baptist” Hörenzhausen

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Anna” Unterbruck

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Filialkirche „St. Vitus“ Fahrenzhausen

The detail view for this church is still under construction

Pfarrkirche „Mariä Himmelfahrt” Jarzt

The detail view for this church is still under construction

The church "Mariä Himmelfahrt" is located in the midst of the small village of Inhausen, as a landmark which can be seen from far, where the northern foothills of the Munich "Schotterebene" (gravel plain) meet the tertiary hilly region of the south western Dachauer Land, at the heart of the area with a strong agricultural infrastructure, surrounded by a small cemetery and numerous old trees.